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Former Prime Minister of India, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, died at the age of 93

Former Prime Minister of India, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, visited Angkor Wat temple in Siem Reap, Cambodia, April 2002 (Pic courtesy: PTI)

Indians across the country are mourning the death of former Prime Minister of India, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, who died at the age of 93 (25-12-1924 - 16-08-2018), suffering from old age at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, on Thursday, August 16, 2018. The central government has declared a nationwide mourning until August 22.

Former prime minister Vajpayee has been prime minister three times from the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), meaning the Indian People's Party.

First Time: May 1, 1996: In the 1996 elections, as the BJP becomes the largest party in the National Assembly, the President of India invites him to form a government. He was also sworn in as India's 10th Prime Minister, but due to lack of support from the other parties, 13 days later he resigned.

Second Time: 1998–1999: After the fall of the two united governments from 1996 to 1998, the parliament is dissolved and a new election is held in 1998. The BJP is still ahead of other parties in this election. With the support of the other parties, the BJP formed the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) and Vajpayee was sworn in as prime minister again. The NDA won a majority of the seats in Parliament but due to one party (AIADMK) withdrew support from the NDA government. The government lost the Vote of Confidence Motion in parliament in April 1999. The National Assembly was dissolved again, but Wajipai remained prime minister until the end of his term.

In this mandate, there are key events: the second nuclear test, dubbed Pokhran-II, a month after Athal's government came to power. The experiment was conducted 24 years after the first experiment called Smiling Buddha in 1974. Last week, India's enemy Pakistan also tested nuclear weapons. Buddhists have long established a reputation throughout India, despite international condemnation. Another milestone was the Kargil War between India and Pakistan in the territorial dispute of Kashmir in June 1999, which lasted for three months, killing 500 Indian soldiers and 600-4,000 Pakistani soldiers. India drove the Pakistani army out of Kashmir and regained control of the area by 70%. After the heavy defeat, Pakistan announced its withdrawal to the LoC.

In the war's victory, the insurgency greatly glorified Vajpayee, and the people admired his strong and strong leadership. To commemorate this historic victory, BJP President Nitin Gadkari on July 26, 2012, dubbed "Kargil Vijay Diwas", inaugurated the statue of Atal Bihari Vajpayee in Bombay.

Third Time: 1999-2004 - Due to the victory of the 1999 National Elections election, the BJP won 303 of the 543 seats in the National Assembly, with a clear majority. On October 13, 1999, Vajpayee was sworn in as prime minister for the third time.

In December 1999, a national crisis was triggered by Indian Airlines, New Delhi-Kandi, forced by five terrorists to fly to Taliban-controlled areas in Afghanistan and forced the Indian government to release them. Some terrorists from prison. Indian Foreign Minister Jaswant Singh flew with the terrorists to exchange with passengers.

During the Vajpayee administration, many economic reforms and road infrastructure were developed. In 2013, it was learned that the government, led by Vajpayee, had been halfway through its 32-year tenure.

For foreign policy, President Bill Clinton's official visit to the United States in March 2000, the first visit of a US president in 22 years. This is an important milestone in the relationship between the two countries and marks a new US foreign policy shift in the post-Cold War era.

Vajpayee was also the man who broke the deadlock of India-Pakistan relations by inviting Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf to visit Delhi and Agra. But the visit was not terribly fruitful as the Pakistani side refused to give up the territorial claims in Kashmir as India desired.

In 2001, he established a program called SSA: Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan aimed at providing equality in primary and secondary education.

On December 13, 2001, a terrorist attack on the National Assembly building by the two identities provoked serious condemnation. The two were later identified as Pakistani. Following the event, Prime Minister Vajpayee ordered an army of some 500,000 troops along the international border, including the state, the state, the Pearl and Kashmir. Pakistan did the same. Aggressive repression of terrorist groups and counter-terrorism campaigns have halted the daily activities of the Kashmiris. Tourists poured out of India and Pakistan in fear of a nuclear war erupted between the two countries. For about two years, the two countries are facing a dizzying war. The Vajpayee government has also instituted the Prevention of Terrorism Act, despite criticism from national and international human rights organizations.

Other issues that Vajpayee's government faced included Hindu-Muslim religious clashes over the mosque in Ayutthaya from December 2001 to March 2002 and the 2002 violent riots in Kuch between the people of the two religions. More than 1,000 lives were lost. Later, Vajpayee admitted to making mistakes in dealing with the crisis. The violent conflict remains the source of attacks on his BJP party to date.

India-Cambodia Relations

It is noteworthy that Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the second Indian Prime Minister, visited Cambodia in April 2002 after the visit of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in October 1954.

During the three-day visit, he visited Angkor Wat and the temples in Siem Reap. The two countries also signed agreements, accreditation, official and diplomatic passports. The Cambodian side has asked India to repair 21 of its military aircraft, but due to some funding, the request could not go ahead.

In a meeting with Prime Minister Hun Sen, Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee said that over the past several decades, one thing he sees as unchanged is "friendship and love for India. And Indians among Cambodians. He added, "Our two countries have had a civilization of a century ago." Indeed, we can see the impact of this civilization and culture in Cambodia through art and architecture, language and dress.


In 2015, Atal Bihari Vajpayee received the highest national medal of "Bharat Ratna" from the then President of India, Pranab Mukherjee. The Modi government also declared his birthday on 25 December as "Good Governance Day" in thanks to him for advancing citizens' understanding of accountability in government.

Mr Vajpayee announced his retirement from politics in 2005. He has earned the respect of all parties in his party and other parties. In 2008, speaking in the Senate, former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh introduced him as the "Bhishma Pitamah" of Indian politics, likening him to a role in the Mahabharata. India, whose characters are respected by both parties. Critics and supporters alike agree that Wai Pai is "a man who is undisturbed by corruption scandals."

One of his words is one of the words that you often say, "You can change friends but not neighbours".

He also left behind several works of writing. These include "Twenty-one Poems" (2002), which expresses the concern and confidence, understanding and commitment of leaders of a nation of over one billion people; And "Decisive Days" (1999), which provides information on key views, policies and decisions made during his 19-month tenure as Prime Minister.


The funeral ceremony of the former Prime Minister of India, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, was held with the state honour at Rashtriya Smriti Sthal, New Delhi, with a large crowd on the evening of August 17, 2018.

"It is because of Athal's supreme leadership that laid the foundation for a strong, prosperous and inclusive India in the 21st century," said Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in an opportunity. The sad death of former Indian Prime Minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
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